aaron • February 23, 2021 • Comments Off on 3.2 The Ethics of Identity and Community on personal Networking Services
Social networking technologies open a brand new types of ethical room by which individual identities and communities, both ‘real’ and digital, are built, presented, negotiated, handled and done. Appropriately, philosophers have actually analyzed SNS in both terms of the uses as Foucaultian “technologies associated with self” (Bakardjieva and Gaden 2012) that facilitate the construction and gratification of individual identification, plus in regards to the distinctive forms of public norms and practices that are moral by SNS (Parsell 2008).
(see Introna 2011 and Rodogno 2012). Yet as noted by Patrick Stokes (2012), unlike previous kinds of network for which anonymity and also the construction of alter-egos had been typical, SNS such as for instance Twitter increasingly anchor user identities and connections to real, embodied selves and offline ‘real-world’ networks. Yet SNS nevertheless enable users to control their self-presentation and their networks that are social means that offline social areas in the home, college or work usually try not to allow. The effect, then, is a identification grounded when you look at the person’s material embodiment and reality but more clearly “reflective and aspirational” (Stokes 2012, 365) in its presentation. This raises lots of ethical concerns: very very very first, from exactly exactly just exactly what way to obtain normative guidance or value does the content that is aspirational of SNS user’s identity primarily derive? Do identification shows on SNS generally speaking represent exactly the same aspirations and mirror the same value pages as users’ offline identity performances? Do they show any notable distinctions from the aspirational identities of non-SNS users? Will be the values and aspirations made explicit in SNS contexts pretty much heteronomous in beginning compared to those expressed in non-SNS contexts? Perform some more explicitly aspirational identity shows on SNS encourage users to do something to actually embody those aspirations offline, or do they have a tendency to damage the motivation to do this?
An additional SNS sensation of relevance this is actually the perseverance and memorialization that is communal of pages after the user’s death; not merely does this reinvigorate an amount of classical ethical questions regarding our ethical duties to honor and don’t forget the dead, it renews questions regarding whether our ethical identities can continue after our embodied identities expire, and perhaps the dead have actually ongoing passions within their social existence or reputation (Stokes 2012).
(41) He worries that one of the affordances of online 2.0 tools is a propensity to tighten our identities to a set that is closed of norms that perpetuate increased polarization, prejudice and insularity. He admits that the theory is that the many-to-many or one-to-many relations enabled by SNS permit experience of a larger selection of viewpoints and attitudes, however in practice Parsell worries that they frequently have actually the contrary impact. Building from de Laat (2006), who implies that users of digital communities accept a distinctly hyperactive type of interaction to compensate for diminished informational cues, Parsell claims that when you look at the lack of the entire variety of personal identifiers obvious through http://datingmentor.org/pinalove-review face-to-face contact, SNS could also market the deindividuation of individual identification by exaggerating and reinforcing the importance of single provided faculties (liberal, conservative, homosexual, Catholic, etc. ) that lead us to see ourselves and our SNS connections more as representatives of an organization than as unique individuals (2008, 46).
Parsell additionally notes the presence of inherently identities that are pernicious communities that could be enabled or improved by some internet 2.0 tools—he cites the exemplory instance of apotemnophiliacs, or would-be amputees, whom utilize such resources to generate mutually supportive sites by which their self-destructive desires get validation (2008, 48). Associated issues have already been raised about “Pro-ANA” web internet internet sites offering mutually supportive sites for anorexics information that is seeking tools in order for them to perpetuate and police disordered identities (Giles 2006; Manders-Huits 2010). While Parsell thinks that one Web 2.0 affordances enable corrupt and destructive kinds of individual freedom, he claims that other internet 2.0 tools provide matching solutions; as an example, he defines Facebook’s reliance on long-lived pages connected to real-world identities as a means of fighting deindividuation and advertising accountable share to the city (2008, 54).