michiganPainting • July 25, 2013 • Comments Off on Home Painting 101 – What you need to know
First step of any painting project is to get organized. Get all furniture out of the room and out of your way. Large things such as beds and cabinets can be piled in the center of the room and covered with drop cloths. If you are also painting the ceiling, disconnect and remove any chandeliers or light fixtures. This makes it easier since you can work faster and will have less taping to do.
Cover the entire floor and separate one area in the room where you can put all your tools and pant so its not in your way when working.
If you’re painting an entire room, first paint the ceiling, then the walls. Also paint walls and large areas before repainting the trim and doors, because you’ll work more quickly and you will not have to worry about over spray on trim.
Now its time to do the patch work. Patch up any holes that you might have from pictures and paintings. Also scrape away old, flaking paint, and lightly sand painted woodwork to for better paint absorption. Allow the patches to dry, then sand smooth before you continue to the primer step.
Remove all electrical switch and outlet covers, picture hangers and any other wall fixtures or attachments also this is a good time to remove the window blinds and shades. Keep all the screws and wall plates in one area so you do not lose things.
Use high quality painters tape to mask all other areas such as baseboards, moldings, door frames and windows. Make sure the tape is well stuck on the things that you want masked because paint can leak underneath and it makes it a longer clean up.
Most paints sold today are lower in toxins than paints that were once sold but good ventilation in the work area is still important. If it’s a sunny day keep windows open to allow the fumes to escape and it also helps the paint dry faster.
When buying brushes and rollers a good tip to keep in mind is the rougher the surface, the longer the roller nap should be. Your paint dealer can help guide you to the right combination of tools and materials that you will need to make the room look perfect. For the amount of paint a good rule of thumb is that you will need little less than 2 gallons of paint per room for walls and 1 gallon for ceiling.
Now comes the actual painting. Load a brush by dipping the bristles one-third of the way into the paint. Lightly pull the brush back against the inner edge of the paint can or bucket, using the edge to squeegee off the excess paint on the bristles’ surface. Use brush to “cut” along doors, trim and ceiling. This is the hard part but with a steady hand its not as hard as everyone makes it out to be. Make sure you paint 3 to 4 inches away from the trim or door so it makes it easier to connect later with the roller.
Use a 12-inch roller with nap length that your store recommended. Dip the roller into the paint half way then roll it back onto the tray’s angled platform to remove excess paint, make sure the roller is not dripping. . Apply paint first in an overlapping vertical “W” pattern, then re-roll this area horizontally, working in a space about 3 to 4 feet square. Cover all areas of the wall connect the “cuts” that you previously made with the brush. If you see that the coverage is not that good Do not panic or worry since the second coat will take care of that.
After you are finished with the second coat allow walls to dry for a day to be on the safe side. Once the walls are dry, remove the painter’s tape from the trim. Peel it off slowly and evenly to make sure it doesn’t pull up any paint, if you bought high quality tape this should not be an issue.
If you are painting the trim its time to tape around it. Once you are done taping the fresh painted walls begin painting the trim closest to the ceiling and work your way down. Make sure you make long strokes on the trim because trim makes paint strokes looks more visible and the longer they are the less you have. Once you completed the painting of the trim allow a day to dry before you remove the tape.
Once everything is dried it is time to clean up. Some people chose to throw away all the rollers and brushes but if you do not like throwing things out soak the brushes and rollers into warm water for several hours and then rinse and let it dry. Place back into original package in order to keep the bristles straight.